At the airports where we operate, the majority of gaseous emissions and particulates are emitted by aircraft movements (taxiing, takeoff and landing). The remainder is produced by ground activities, maintenance operations, logistics and road access to the airport for passengers, employees and suppliers.
We aim to reduce our local emissions to lower our local impact. To reach this goal, we focus on the following measures:
- investing in new, more energy efficient fleet
- improving operational ground procedures
- introducing more efficient or electric Ground Support Equipment (GSE) and vehicles
- developing eco-mobility solutions for employees
We monitor our atmospheric emissions for both flight and ground operations, including low altitude emissions which impact the quality of the air around airports. The indicators cover emissions of CO2, SO2, NOx, HC and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC).
Air quality is measured at Amsterdam Schiphol, Paris Airports and in other airport areas.
- In France, the SURVOL Observatory (implemented and supported by the Airparif organization) monitors air quality in the airport surrounding areas of Ile-de-France. This monitoring has enabled them to evaluate the impact of airport activities on air quality, build a database of pollutant levels for future health studies, and keep local residents informed.
- In the Netherlands, KLM monitors the diesel exhaust concentration every three years at Schiphol apron and cargo area. In 2018, the results showed a slight decrease in the level of diesel exhaust concentration. This seems to be the result of the increased investment in electric Ground Support Equipment (GSE), as these vehicles seem to have a bigger effect on the diesel exhaust concentration than the growing number of flights at Schiphol.
In order to reduce emissions in the immediate environment of aircraft handling areas, rather than using kerosene-powered Auxiliary Power Units (APUs), we use the following Ground Support Equipment (GSE):
- Fixed Electrical Power Units (FPUs) where possible, to power aircraft;
- Pre-Conditioned Air (PCA) units that maintain an acceptable temperature onboard the aircraft;
- Ground Power Units (GPUs), as well as an increasing number of aircraft towing trucks, equipped with automatic power-shutdown systems.
In 2018, we achieved the following results in our mission to reduce local impact and improve local air quality:
- Almost 50% of Ground Support Equipment (GSE) used at Paris-CDG and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is electric.
- Air France is gradually starting to replace the diesel engines in the conveyor belt vehicles used for loading and unloading baggage on aircraft with an electric drive made from recycled products. To develop this collaborative project, Air France has chosen to team up with CarWatt, a French startup that retrieves used lithium-ion batteries from individual electric vehicles and recycles them to give them a new life. The first operational prototype has just gone into service at Paris-CDG and the conversion of 10 additional belt vehicles is being considered.
- Since 2011, CO2 emissions of KLM’s GSE have reduced by over 7% and NOx emissions by 44%. This has been achieved by introducing more efficient or electric GSE. KLM is working towards a zero emission GSE fleet in 2030, in line with their ambition of attaining an emission-free ground operation.
- Air France is advancing the use of electric power converters (ACUs) for the air conditioning of aircraft on the ground. The use of thermal ACUs, APUs and GPUs results in a reduction in emissions.
ECOMOBILITY SOLUTIONS FOR EMPLOYEES
To reduce local impact, Air France-KLM offer eco-mobility solutions to their employees whose commuting trips represent about 6% of scope 3 CO2 emissions.
Air France mobility plan aims to increase employee awareness and to reduce pollutant emissions linked to commuting between home and work by promoting public transport, making temporary offices available, encouraging remote working, or creating a car pooling website. Of the 37,000 employees concerned, 82% travel to work by car. This issue is important both in terms of environment, and in terms of health and safety at work.
In the Paris area, Air France works with the R’PRO’Mobilité association on implementing an inter-company mobility plan at Paris-CDG airport. We also actively contribute to the implementation of a new inter-company mobility plan at Paris-Orly airport. Air France has pooled its resources with those of large companies around the airports to promote responsible mobility. Other possibilities, such as carpooling and development of environmentally-friendly transportation methods like cycling, are also being examined.
KLM promotes the use of public transport by providing free access to transport around Schiphol and KLM’s offices to its employees. In 2018, several pilot projects with electric bicycle-sharing were started, promoting a healthy and environmentally-friendly way of transportation.
More generally, Air France takes part in current debates on the larger transport schemes which should see the light of day within the next few years. Air France is working on addressing the need for a performing urban transportation to Paris-CDG and Orly airports, as well as other French airports, this being an essential complement for a top global air network, to the advantage of its employees, service providers and customers.
Air France promotes the development of teleworking for all posts that allow remote work. This solution contributes to the improvement of organization, quality of daily life at work, and prevention of risks. Teleworking also has significant environmental benefits.
- In 2018, in France, 2,807 Air France employees were registered as remote workers at least one day a week, which represents a rise of nearly 30% compared to 2017.
- The fewer journeys to/from work meant that more than 5.6 million kilometers, or 141 times the Earth’s circumference per year were avoided, thus attaining a savings equivalent to 1,355 tons of CO2.
Supporting the use of electric personal and professional vehicles
- A fleet of ten 100% electric and personalized vehicles in Air France colors, is available to Air France and HOP! employees working in Montreuil for every work-related travel in the Paris region. In 2018, three new vehicles were made available to employees on the Paray-Vieille-Poste in Paris-Orly area, which made it possible to increase the number of employees who can use these vehicles for work-related trips.
- Parking spaces with electric charging points are available for staff in several parking areas in Paris-CDG. More parking spaces will be equipped in 2019.
- The startup Crewpop, which began as an employee initiative, received support from Air France, entering a trial phase at the end of 2017. As part of a carsharing initiative, it allows Air France employees to use electric cars for personal travel. The company continued its development in 2018.